The scientific paper is devoted to migration flows as one of the most urgent and acute unresolved issues in Europe. Migrants and refugees have already become an integral part of European society, but quite often this tendency leads to growing tensions and anxiety among the indigenous population. It is worth noting that not every state, not every political party is prepared to implement and support an open migration policy. Therefore, the author describes the pros and cons of migration policy as part of political parties’ programmes in Austria, Germany, and France; analyses public attitudes to migration flows and the views of the aforementioned countries’ leading parties on the implementation of a common migration regime. The shortage of migrants as a labour force during the COVID-19 pandemic may cause an economic downturn. The process of taking relevant measures to stabilise the situation will be discussed as well.