International Cooperation for Environmental Protection in the 21st Century

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor of Law, Faculty of Human Sciences, Shahr-e-Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 MA Dept. of environmental law, Islamic Azad University, Science and research branch, Tehran, Iran.


Environmental protection and sustainable development are the most important issues which show typically interdependence between cultural, economic, political, social and environmental aspects at the national, regional and global dimensions. International cooperation for environmental protection and sustainable development is one of the pillars of the second half of the 20st and 21st centuries. It is important to note that international environmental cooperation involves many issues in global and regional dimensions. In addition, this cooperation in environmental protection takes two forms in Institutional and Non institutional cooperation. For this purpose, this research aims to analyze the international cooperation for environmental protection in the multidisciplinary approach in two principal parts: Global & Regional cooperation and Institutional & Non institutional cooperation. The paper also examines the legal basis of international environmental protection. Finally, this study has found that institutionalization of international cooperation is a key of the implementation of international environmental law.


Main Subjects

  • Receive Date: 02 December 2019
  • Revise Date: 23 June 2020
  • Accept Date: 25 February 2020
  • First Publish Date: 01 July 2020