Pandemic overview: Migration problems in the European Union

Document Type : Original Article

Author

Attorney-at-law and MD University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria

Abstract

Migration is a complex demographic, geographic, social, and economic process closely related to the natural movement of the population as a result of religious, ethnic, political, military, economic, or other reasons. This process is characterized by its complex nature and the problems associated with it are multilayered and difficult to solve. The following article covers issues related to legal and illegal residence, respectively legal and illegal migration, international protection, trafficking in human beings, highly qualified employment, human rights, and other related problems. An even bigger problem is created due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which invariably affects the migration flows and movements, as well as the emergence of new types of legal problems and difficulties. The effect of the pandemic of each problem is reviewed and observed through the prism of the pandemic, the new COVID reality, and the adopted measures in that direction.

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