A Review of International Green Economy and Green Tax Policies

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 CIFILE Journal Executive Manager, Researcher at Center for Environment and Sustainable Development, Department of the Environment, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

The global green economy mechanism is considered in some international environmental documents to achieve sustainable development. Promoting environmental-friendly technologies, protecting natural capital, improving employment and reducing poverty, along with expanding investment and technology, are based on green economy policies. Green taxation is one of the tools of the green economy policy for the deployment of sustainable technologies. This research is based on the analysis of law and environmental documents with the green economy approach. From the most important green tax strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) has been identified in this paper, deployment of environmentally friendly technologies, the possibility of reducing production, the cost of non-environmentally-friendly goods and create economic incentives to businesses with less pollution, Undesirable effects on highly dependent energy entities and increase the scope of rents and administrative corruption for tax evasion. Ultimately, policies such as labeling and other methods of engaging in public participation are presented.

Keywords